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Animally poisonous! What dogs are not allowed to eat
发布时间:2020-11-25 15:51:26 | 浏览量:1

The way to a man's heart goes through his stomach! And you actually share everything with your best friend. Unless it's a dog. Then you should definitely not share everything with him, at least when it comes to food! No, not even when he puts on that irresistible, absolutely sweet, cuddly, heartbreaking dog look ...

Because there are some things that man's best friend is not allowed to eat. Some foods are really poisonous for dogs and in the worst case scenario can even be fatal! What are dogs not allowed to eat and which snack should you not share with your four-legged friend? Here you will find answers to the most common questions on the topic.


The sweet comforter makes people happy - for dogs, however, chocolate is pure poison! Chocolate contains theobromine. And dogs can only break down this ingredient very slowly. Their metabolism works completely differently from that of humans. So that even small amounts of chocolate can have a toxic effect on dogs. Depending on the amount eaten and the cocoa content of the chocolate, the symptoms of chocolate poisoning in dogs range from a slight upset stomach to seizures with fatal consequences! The severity of the poisoning does not only depend on the amount eaten - the cocoa content also plays a role.

Because the higher it is, the more toxic the effect is for the dog! In particular, varieties such as dark chocolate, dark chocolate or boiling chocolate are dangerous for fur-noses; they contain a larger amount of theobromine (cocoa) than milk chocolate or white chocolate, for example.

That is why you should never leave a chocolate bar that has already been started lying around or store chocolate in such a way that the dog can reach!

Chocolate shock! What to do if a dog suffers from chocolate poisoning?

If your four-legged friend has run out of chocolate, you may need to hurry! Depending on the amount and type of chocolate, this can be a life-threatening emergency! If the four-legged friend shows symptoms such as tremors, vomiting, restlessness or difficulty breathing, take him to the vet or the nearest clinic quickly.

Dairy products are not toxic to dogs. However, their consumption can cause problems, especially as the dog gets older. Many dogs are affected by lactose intolerance as they get older, because they lack the enzyme lactase, which helps to utilize milk sugar (lactose). And this leads to the fact that the dog reacts to dairy products such as skimmed and whole milk, quark and yoghurt with vomiting or diarrhea, because these dairy products contain a lot of lactose. Dairy products are allowed in moderation for younger dogs - but watch very carefully whether your four-legged friend can tolerate them, because some dogs are born with a lactose intolerance. In contrast to other dairy products, most types of cheese contain relatively little lactose and are therefore generally well tolerated by dogs in small quantities.
Fruit can enrich the diet of the omnivore dog - it contains vitamins, minerals and important fiber and is therefore ideal as a healthy snack between meals. Pureed fruit is best tolerated. Cores and stones should of course be removed before consumption. You should also make sure that the fruit does not contain too much acid. For example, citrus fruits are unsuitable for dogs. Better are:

Apricots (without core!)

Apples (only ripe and without seeds!)


Pears (ripe and without seeds!)




Cherries (without stones!)

Nectarines (without stone!)


Peach (without stone!)

Watermelon (small amounts! Without seeds!)

All you can eat? Do not feed large quantities of fruit!

The mentioned types of fruit are safe for dogs. However, you shouldn't feed them in large quantities. As a small snack in between, fruit can enrich the diet of the furry friends and provides a supply of important vitamins and minerals.
Vegetables are also generally not taboo for your four-legged friend. The dog can snack from these veggies in between:
  • Leaf salads

  • Broccoli (cooked and mashed in small quantities!)

  • cucumber

  • Potatoes (only cooked!)

  • Carrots

  • pumpkin

  • celery

  • spinach

  • zucchini

Best porridge!

Dogs eat fruit and vegetables best cooked and mashed. Basically, everything that humans would not eat raw should not be served uncooked to animals either. By the way: If you add a source of fat to the vegetable or fruit porridge (e.g. sunflower oil, the fat-soluble vitamins it contains can be better absorbed by the dog's body.

While some fruits and vegetables enrich your four-legged friend's diet, there are also fruits and vegetables that are poisonous for dogs. There are also candidates among the nuts that you should keep your furry friend away from:

Citrus fruits: the acid can attack the stomach and intestines

Almonds and bitter almonds: contain harmful bitter substances and hydrogen cyanide

Avocados: have too much fat and the persin they contain can lead to irreparable heart muscle disorders.

Plums: Whether fresh or dried, they are difficult to digest and can cause diarrhea due to their strong laxative effect

Tomatoes and peppers: taboo in the unripe state! Immature nightshade plants (tomatoes and peppers) contain the cytotoxin solanine. It's also found in raw potatoes. Nightshade plants should therefore only be fed when they are ripe and cooked!

Grapes / raisins: can lead to severe kidney damage

Garlic / onions: contain allicin and allin and can cause anemia, fatal in large quantities!

It goes without saying that alcohol is also harmful to four-legged friends. The ethanol contained in alcohol can, just like in humans, lead to kidney and liver damage.
However, a much smaller amount is enough for the fur noses to cause damage to their health! Even a small sip can lead to nausea, shortness of breath and even death. Raw pork, for example as meatloaf, is also unsuitable for the dog. The Aujeszky virus, which is deadly for dogs, can be found in raw pork. A dog that is infected with it usually does not survive it! Complete heating of the pork - so that no red spots can be seen in it! - kills the virus.

You shouldn't share your morning coffee or tea with your pet either! Caffeine is toxic to dogs and can cause vomiting, palpitations, and restlessness. Caffeine, like theobromine (chocolate), belongs to the methylxanthines, so the symptoms are similar to those of chocolate poisoning.

The dosage is crucial for herbs and spices. Small amounts can aid digestion, large amounts lead to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and poisoning. Salt is also a critical issue. Sodium and chloride (sodium chloride = table salt) are the most important electrolytes in the organism in quantitative terms. Both deficiency and excess should be avoided. An oversupply through the administration of table salt is not a major problem for adult, healthy dogs with sufficient access to drinking water.

In the case of sugar, it depends on the type of sugar and how much it can be tolerated by dogs: sweets or foods sweetened with a lot of sugar make dogs fat and damage their teeth. Glucose (monosaccharide) is suitable in limited quantities for dietetic purposes. Cane sugar (sucrose - a disaccharide) and milk sugar (lactose) should only be offered in limited quantities.

The sweetener xylitol, known as birch sugar, is not an alternative, on the contrary: Xylitol is a sugar alcohol that leads to a 6 times higher and rapid release of insulin in dogs, a reduction in gluconeogenesis in the liver and ultimately a sharp drop in blood glucose . In dogs, it often ends in cramps, coordination problems and liver damage and should therefore under no circumstances be eaten by the dog.


The dog has become man's best friend over the millennia - and he is nutritionally dependent on them. That is why it is important to be aware of which foods you could harm your dog with and which foods enrich his diet. In terms of metabolism, our four-legged friend has adapted to humans: dogs have become omnivores over the years. This means that they can also get along wonderfully without meat on the menu and that they can also be given a vegetarian diet.

You can find out more about vegetarian dog nutrition in this detailed article. It is questionable whether the dog's metabolism will also adapt to coffee and chocolate over time. Until then: don't leave anything lying around, be vigilant and above all: don't share, no matter how sweetly he asks.

From rice cakes to chips. What can my dog eat?

Important: Fruits and vegetables should only be fed when they are ripe and without stones or seeds! Green tomatoes and raw potatoes are taboo for dogs because of the cytotoxin solanine they contain!

Can my dog ...

... Eat apple?
... Eat watermelon?
... Eat strawberries?
... Eat cheese?
Low or lactose-free varieties in small quantities ✅
... Eat cucumber?
... Eat peppers?
Small amount of red peppers, cooked:✅
raw or green:
... Eat pineapple?
... Eat tomatoes?
Ripe and without plant parts ✅
... Eat corn?
Cooked ✅
... Eat raspberries?
... Eat kiwi?
Relatively acidic, but ripe and pureed: ✅
... Eat yogurt?
Unsweetened and preferably lactose-free: ✅
... Eat potatoes?
... Eat nuts?
Make sure that no spoiled nuts are fed! Due to their high fat content, you should ensure that they are stored appropriately!



Brazil nuts: ✅

Hazelnuts: ✅

Ripe walnuts: ✅

Pecans: ✅

Pistachios: ✅

Pumpkin seeds: ✅

Pine nuts: ✅

Sunflower seeds: ✅

Coconuts: ✅

Almonds: ✅ No bitter almonds! They contain hydrogen cyanide!

Cashew nuts: ✅

Nutmeg: ❌

Black walnut: ❌

Unripe walnut: ❌

Macadamia nuts: ❌

...Eat broccoli?
Steamed: ✅ (can have a flatulence, test with small amounts first!)
... Eat chips?
... Eat cottage cheese?
Lactose free:
... Eat bread?
Hard bread in small quantities: 
... Eat blueberries?
... Eat grapes?
... Eat asparagus?


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